Lake Albert was named in 1864 by the explorer Sir Samuel Baker for Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria, but it also goes by Albert Nyanza and for a brief time was once called Lake Mobutu Sese Seko.
Lake Albert is the seventh largest lake in Africa, and the northernmost of the chains of lakes in the Albertine Rift, located between Uganda and the DRC. The second biggest of Uganda’s Great Lakes, Lake Albert is about 160km long and 30km wide, with a maximum depth of 51m and a surface elevation of 619m above sea level. This rift valley lake is part of the upper Nile system; its main source is the Victoria Nile that originates from Lake Victoria and its main outlet is the Albert Nile that becomes the Mountain Nile or Bahr-el-Jebel once it crosses into South Sudan.
The wide stretch of water in the Nile-Albert Delta with its papyrus-banks is a popular with visitors to Murchison Falls National Park, because of the diverse water bird species. At Murchison Falls, the waters of the Victoria Nile crash through a 7meter gap in the rocks before calmly continuing on as the Albert Nile. The southern tip of the lake borders Semuliki National Park and its swamplands are a key birding area, famous for sightings of the rare and pre-historic looking Shoebill Stork, alongside several Albertine endemic bird species. Despite being a large lake, no major Ugandan towns are located on the lakeshores save Butiaba and Pakwach in Northern Uganda.
The lake was named in 1864 by the explorer Sir Samuel Baker for Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria, but it also goes by Albert Nyanza and for a brief time was once called Lake Mobutu Sese Seko. In recent years, Lake Albert has gained popularity following the discovery of rich oil wells in the Albertine region surrounding it.