Because of her location along the equator, it would be expected that Uganda would be a rather hot place, but her elevated altitude and vast wetland system create a near-perfect temperate climate that suffers little year-round fluctuation. Temperatures rarely rise above 27°C and generally drop in the evenings; more markedly in high-altitude locations like Bwindi, Lake Bunyonyi, Rwenzori Mountains, Virunga Mountains and Mt. Elgon. The dry and wet seasons are not strictly what they promise either.
The dry seasons for example only mean that it rains less frequently, and in truth it can rain at anytime in Uganda. During the wet seasons it is not uncommon for crackling thunder, pouring rain and blazing sunshine to follow each other in quick succession, and late night or early morning downpours are rarely visible by afternoon when the equatorial sun has dried up most puddles.
Uganda has a near-uniform climate with similar rainy seasons in most regions, which means that visitors can take in many attractions in one visit without climate limitations or the worry of preparing for too many scenarios. Marked variations only exist in the drought-prone and semi-arid northeast in Kidepo Valley Park where altitudes are significantly lower, temperatures higher and only one rainy season is experienced each year.
Southern Uganda, where 8 of the 10 national parks are located, is generally wetter and much cooler with 2 annual rainy seasons. The climate of Southern Uganda is largely influenced by Africa’s greatest lake, Lake Victoria, and the mountainous eastern and western flanks of the country.