Eastern Uganda is a diverse collection of several tribal groups including Basoga, Bagishu, Bagwere, Sebei, Karamajong, Japadhola and Basamia. Most have chiefdoms, but the Basoga present the only kingship in the region with their King locally known as Kyabazinga. The practices, customs and languages of each of these tribal groups distinguishes them from each other, and presents for the visitor, several diverse cultural options to explore. Most popular of these is the adrenaline-filled biannual male circumcision ceremony, Imbalu, of the Bagisu that draws a big number of local and foreign tourists. On the volcanic slopes of Mt. Elgon, the Bagishu cultivate some of the finest Arabica coffee in the world.
Extensive plains dotted with extinct volcanoes and isolated mountain ranges, massive caves and spectacular waterfalls cover Eastern Uganda. The beautiful Sipi Falls and Africa’s largest solitary volcano, Mt. Elgon can be found here, both of which are a central part of the culture and beliefs of the region. Uganda’s second largest city and the adventure capital of the country, Jinja, is the region’s main city.