Uganda has the highest primate density in the world that includes golden monkeys, mountain gorillas and chimpanzees, which have only been habituated for tracking in Uganda.
Primate Trekking - An Overview
A primate is a member of the group of mammals, which includes humans, monkeys, and apes. There are more than 300 species of primates on Earth of which apes and monkeys are usually confused for on another. There are a number of differences between apes and monkeys for example apes have a longer lifespan, larger body size, larger brain-to-body size ratio, and higher intelligence, however the main difference is that monkeys have tails and apes do not have tails. There are two types of apes, great apes and lesser apes, with the primary difference being their general size. There are two types of lesser apes, gibbons and siamangs which are both found in South East Asia and there are four types of great apes: Gorillas, Chimpanzees and Bonobos found in Africa as well as Orangutans found in South East Asia. Apes are humanity’s closest living relatives with both the great apes sharing around 98 percent of their DNA with humans.
When you see the word primate, you probably think of monkeys. A monkey is just one example of a primate, though — lemurs are primates too, and so are gibbons, and even people. The things we all have in common are large brains, opposable thumbs, bendy toes, and good eyesight.
Like the mountain gorilla, the last surviving golden monkeys (about 5,000) can only be found in Uganda in Mgahinga Gorilla Park, and across the border in Rwanda and the DRC. Approximately 60 golden monkeys in Mgahinga have already been habituated to humans and can be tracked on the Gahinga Trail with visitors getting a full hour to watch these small and playful primates with the signature long golden hair on their backs.